Forensics Investigation of OpenFlow-Based SDN Platforms


Software Defined Networking (SDN) is an increasingly common implementation for virtualization of networking functionalities. Although security of SDNs has been investigated thoroughly in the literature, forensic acquisition and analysis of data remnants for the purposes of constructing digital evidences for threat intelligence did not have much research attention. This chapter at first proposes a practical framework for forensics investigation in Openflow based SDN platforms. Furthermore, due to the sheer amount of data that flows through networks it is important that the proposed framework also implements data reduction techniques not only for facilitating intelligence creation, but also to help with long term storage and mapping of SDN data. The framework is validated through experimenting two use-cases on a virtual SDN running on Mininet. Analysis and comparison of Southbound PCAP files and the memory images of switches enabled successful acquisition of forensic evidential artefacts pertaining to these use cases.